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  • 9 min read

How To Make A Flower Arrangement Like A Pro: 7 Easy Tips!

Creating floral arrangements is a delightful and artistic activity that enhances any space with beauty and a touch of nature. However, it’s more than just placing flowers in a vase.

From choosing suitable blooms and materials to understanding design principles, making a flower arrangement is an art form that allows for personal expression and creativity.

Whether you're preparing a bouquet for a special occasion or want to brighten your home, knowing the basics of how to make a flower arrangement can transform the ordinary into something extraordinary.

1. Identify Your Theme And Colour Scheme

A well-thought-out theme and colour scheme ensure that all elements of your arrangement work harmoniously together. It guides your choice of flowers, greenery, and even the vase to create a cohesive and aesthetically pleasing look.

Different occasions call for various themes and colours. For example, softer, pastel colours are more appropriate for a baby shower, while bold and vibrant colours suit a celebratory event like a birthday or graduation. Choose soft pink peonies, pale blue hydrangeas, or lavender roses to create a delicate ambiance.

Colours have psychological effects and can evoke specific emotions. Warm coloured flowers like red roses or orange marigolds create a sense of warmth and excitement, while cool colours like the purple orchid or green chrysanthemum create a calming and soothing effect. These flower colours are commonly seen in weddings, funerals, or romantic occasions.

Here are other examples of flowers and complementary colours that fit the occasion:

  • Valentine's Day: Classic reds and pinks symbolise love and romance. Consider roses, peonies, or tulips in these hues.
  • Mother's Day: Bright, cheerful colours like yellows, light pinks, and lavenders evoke gratitude and happiness. Using flowers like daisies, lilies, or garden roses show great appreciation to your mothers.
  • Anniversaries: Depending on the milestone, you could choose silver-toned blooms for a 25th wedding anniversary or golden hues for a 50th. You can also choose complimentary assorted flowers for your girlfriend!

2. Carefully Choose Your Flowers

The combination of different flowers can create a visually stunning display. By selecting flowers that complement each other in colour, shape, and size, you can craft an arrangement that is pleasing to the eye and creates the desired aesthetic effect. Here are some factors to consider when choosing your flowers:

  • Colour Combinations: Colours opposite each other on the colour wheel can create a vibrant look. A contrast is visually striking, making each colour appear brighter and more vivid when paired with its complement.

    For instance, purple irises and yellow sunflowers are complementary, so when they are combined, they create a dynamic and eye-catching effect.
  • Textures and Sizes: Combine different textures and sizes for visual interest. For example, roses, with their velvety, smooth petals, come in various shades of purple and yellow.

    When paired with Eryngium, which has a spiky appearance and blue to purple hues, the arrangement gains a striking contrast.

    Eryngium thistle-like appearance adds an unexpected texture, making the bouquet more intriguing and visually compelling.
  • Lifespan: Some flowers, like orchids, can last for weeks, while others, like poppies, have a shorter vase life. Grouping flowers with similar life spans, like sunflowers and lilies, can ensure your arrangement stays fresh-looking longer.
  • Seasonal Availability: Knowing which flowers are in season can influence your choice. Seasonal flowers are not only more readily available and fresher but are also often more affordable. For example, marigolds and zinnias bloom during the fall.

Basing the flower each season can be especially important if you're working within a budget or need many flowers.

3. Prepare The Materials Needed

Having all materials at hand ensures a smooth and uninterrupted workflow. This preparation prevents the need to stop midway through the arrangement process to find a missing tool or material, which can disrupt your creative flow and focus.

Delicate flowers must be handled and processed quickly after purchase to maintain their freshness. Immediate trimming, placing in water, and adding flower food are essential steps that require preparing all materials beforehand.

If you want sturdier flowers, there are some that can handle a little bit of pressure. For example, the strength of gladiolus flowers lies in their tall, strong stems, which are capable of supporting the weight of their multiple blooms.

The individual flowers along the stem are also structured to be relatively robust and wont wither with a little movement.

When you have a variety of materials (like different vases, ribbons, chicken wires, and decorative items) at your disposal, you have more freedom to experiment and be creative. This availability allows you to try different looks and styles, leading to more unique and personalised arrangements.

Gather all these necessary materials beforehand:

  • Vase: Choose based on the size and style of your arrangement.
  • Floral Foam: Useful for keeping flowers in place, especially in intricate designs.
  • Scissors or Floral Shears: Sharp tools are essential for clean cuts that don't damage the stems.
  • Flower Food: It acts like vitamins for your flowers and helps prolong the flower’s lifespan.
  • Additional Decor: Ribbons, decorative stones, or twine can add a finishing touch.

Suitable materials can significantly impact the quality and longevity of your arrangement, so always choose high-quality ones.

4. Choose Your Vase

The vase is not just a container for the flowers; it's an integral part of the arrangement's overall design. The style, colour, and shape of the vase should complement the flowers and fit the theme of the arrangement.

For example, a sleek, modern vase may be perfect for a contemporary arrangement, while a vintage vase might suit a rustic floral theme.

The size of the vase should be in proportion to the flowers. A vase that's too large can make the arrangement look sparse, while one that's too small can make it look overcrowded and chaotic.

The height of the vase determines the arrangement's shape and the length of the stems you'll need.

The vase should be functional as well as beautiful. It needs to hold enough water to keep the flowers hydrated, and it should be stable and sturdy enough to support the weight of the flowers without tipping over.

Here are the different types of vases:

  • Tall, Narrow Vases: Ideal for long-stemmed flowers like snapdragons and calla lilies, perfect for formal arrangements.
  • Wide, Shallow Containers: Great for short-stemmed flowers like spray roses and spray carnations are good for a more casual, sprawling arrangement.
  • Unique Vessels: Think outside the box with vintage jars, teapots, or baskets for a unique look.

5. Create The Base With Some Greenery

Greenery often provides a structural base for the arrangement and helps to hold the flowers in place, especially in larger or more complex designs. This is particularly crucial when using floral foam, as greenery can cover the foam and create a natural flower bed.

Here are the steps to create a greenery base:

  • Select Your Greenery: Choose a greenery base that complements your flowers' colour and texture. Popular options include ferns, eucalyptus, ivy, and ruscus. Consider the overall style of your arrangement when selecting greenery.
  • Prepare Your Stems: Knowing how to cut flower stems can improve the life of your blooms. Trim the stems of your greenery at an angle to maximise water absorption. Remove any leaves below the waterline in the vase to prevent bacterial growth.
  • Create a Framework: Add greenery in the vase to form a loose framework to help support the flowers and determine the shape and volume of the arrangement. Start outside and work your way in, balancing the greenery around the vase.
  • Consider Height and Texture: Vary the height and texture of the greenery for a more natural and visually exciting look. Taller pieces can be placed in the centre or at the back, while shorter pieces fill the outer areas.
  • Establish the Shape: The greenery should hint the final shape of the arrangement. For a symmetrical arrangement, ensure the greenery is evenly distributed. Create an exciting line or flow with the greenery for an asymmetrical design.
  • Fill Gaps Thoughtfully: Use greenery to fill gaps, but be careful not to overcrowd the vase. The idea is to create a balanced base that complements the flowers, not to overpower them.
  • Check from Different Angles: Periodically step back and look at your arrangement from different angles. This ensures that your greenery is evenly distributed and looks good from all sides.

6. Add Focal Flowers

Focal flowers are typically the largest flowers in your arrangement and the most significant, colourful, or unique blooms in the bunch. Roses, lilies, peonies, and dahlias are popular choices. Select flowers that stand out and complement your arrangement's overall theme and colour scheme.

Here’s how you can arrange your focal flowers:

  • Prepare the Flowers: Trim the stems at an angle to ensure they can easily absorb water. Remove any leaves that will be below the waterline to prevent bacterial growth.
  • Determine placement: The placement of your focal flowers will depend on the style of the arrangement. For a symmetrical arrangement, place them centrally or evenly distributed. For an asymmetrical design, place them off-centre to create a more dynamic look.
  • Inserting the Stems: Insert one or two focal flowers, and ensure they're inserted deep enough for stability but still visible and prominent.
  • Create Depth and Dimension: Arrange the focal flowers slightly higher or lower than others to create depth. This layered look adds to the arrangement's visual interest and gives room for each flower to shine.
  • Balance with Other Elements: While focal flowers should stand out, they must also harmonise with the greenery and other flowers. Ensure they are well-integrated into the arrangement, creating a balanced and cohesive look.
  • Adjust as Needed: As you add focal flowers, continuously step back to look at the arrangement from different angles. Adjust the placement to ensure the flowers are showcased effectively and the arrangement seems complete and balanced.
  • Consider the Viewpoint: If the arrangement is viewed from all sides, ensure the focal flowers are attractively placed all around. Concentrate the focal points towards the front if it's to be viewed from one side.

7. Insert Filler Flowers

Choose flowers that complement your focal flowers and greenery. Filler flowers are usually smaller and include varieties like baby's breath, statice, wax flowers, or Ammi Majus. They should harmonise with the primary colours and textures of your arrangement.

Here are the steps for inserting filler flowers:

  • Prepare the Filler Flowers: Trim the stems at an angle for better water absorption. Remove any foliage that will sit below the water line to prevent bacterial growth.
  • Strategic placement: Start inserting filler flowers around the focal blooms. The goal is to fill gaps and add texture without overpowering the focal flowers. Distribute them evenly throughout the arrangement to create a balanced look.
  • Layering and Depth: To add depth, place some fillers behind and between the focal flowers. This layering effect creates a fuller, more natural look.
  • Consider Proportions: Filler flowers should enhance, not overwhelm, your focal flowers. Be mindful of their size and scale about the rest of the arrangement.
  • Check from All Angles: Regularly step back and view your arrangement from different angles. This ensures the fillers are evenly distributed, and the arrangement looks harmonious from every viewpoint.
  • Adjust as Needed: As you add more fillers, you might need to adjust their placement or even relocate some focal flowers to maintain the desired shape and balance.
  • Final Touches: Check for empty spots or imbalances after all the fillers are in place. Add or adjust filters as needed to ensure a polished and cohesive look.

Conclusion About How To Make A Flower Arrangement

Mastering the art of flower arranging is a journey filled with colour, fragrance, and endless possibilities. Each step, from selecting the perfect flowers and vase to placing the last filler flower, contributes to creating a unique and personal living art.

As you practise and experiment, you'll develop a deeper appreciation for the beauty and versatility of flowers. Remember, each arrangement you create reflects your style and the beauty of the natural world. So, embrace the process, let your creativity flourish, and enjoy the stunning results of your floral creations.

Find the perfect flowers for you at Windflower Florist. We offer free delivery and same-day delivery to ensure your collection of blooms get to you fresh!

Frequently Asked Questions On How To Make A Flower Arrangement

Can I Use Tap Water For My Flower Arrangements?

Tap water is usually suitable for most flower arrangements, although filtered or distilled water may benefit susceptible flowers.

How Can I Make My Flower Arrangement Last Longer?

To extend the life of your arrangement, use flower food, avoid direct sunlight and heat, regularly trim the stems, and remove any wilting flowers.

Are There Any Flowers That Should Not Be Used Together In An Arrangement?

Some flowers, like daffodils, can release substances harmful to other flowers. Research the compatibility of your chosen flowers, especially when combining different varieties.

Can I Reuse The Stems And Greenery From An Old Arrangement?

Reusing greenery may be possible if it's still fresh. Still, it's generally not advised to reuse stems from old arrangements as they could start to decay, potentially affecting the freshness of the new arrangement.


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